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Water Well Inspections
Water well inspection in general is about testing the safety of water well. It can be used to check if the water well meets or not certain standards such as:
*Size (how big it is)
*Construction (how good it was built)
*Meter checking (for example to verify if meters are working and how accurate they are)
*Water quality (how clean the water is and if it contains any dangerous substances)
The inspection can be done in order to:
*Check if the well meets standards, so there is no problem with it. If the inspection shows that everything is fine then you do not need to do anything.
*Find and fix problems in the well, before they become bigger and more expensive to repair.
Types of Water Well
There are many types of wells and it is important to determine what kind of well you have and what the related water and health risks may be. There are three basic types of wells: dug or drilled, driven, and piezometric surface water.
- A dug well is a hole in the ground that’s around 3-4 feet wide, often surrounded by a masonry wall.
- A drilled well is one that has been bored into the earth by drilling equipment, and consists of a borehole lined with pipe or cinder blocks, bricks, stones, etc.
- A driven well is usually constructed of wood or metal and can be as much as 100 feet deep; it’s also called a tubular well. Piezometric surface water is a well that taps into a confined or semiconfined aquifer, and it’s driven less than 25 feet.
Different types of wells have varying installation costs, maintenance requirements, and risk factors for contamination. Depending on their construction and where they’re placed, wells also pose different risks of contamination from surface water and/or underground sources.
- Dug or Drilled Wells
Typically cost between $2,500 and $5,000 to install. A dug well that’s been cased with concrete is less likely to be contaminated by surface water or shallow groundwater than one without a casing.
- Driven Wells
Typically cost between $200 and $1,000 to install. If the well is driven into clean sand or gravel, it will typically only need to be disinfected every 3-5 years, while a poorly constructed well could require annual disinfection. Additionally, a drilled well that’s not properly sealed at the bottom could allow surface water to enter and contaminate it.
- Piezometric Surface Water Wells
Typically cost between $2,500 and $10,000 to install. Because they are usually more expensive to build than other wells, these are less likely to be found in rural areas but are typically needed in suburban developments where the water table is shallow. Like driven wells, these pose a risk of contamination from surface water if they’re not properly sealed at the bottom.
For those with rural homes that aren’t on mains water, installing a well can be cost-effective and provide a more reliable service than using cisterns and rainwater harvesting alone. However, the costs of maintaining a well are typically offset by the lack of having to pay for mains water. Those installing their own wells should check with local authorities on regulations, and consult with experts on what kind of well will work best in the area.
Water Well Inspection: How is it done?
Before starting a water well inspection you should first check that there is nothing wrong with the well itself. If for example it was not made according to standards (for example if it is too small or not strong enough), then it might be better to just close the well and build a new one.
Note that closing down an old well can cause problems if you want to use it again in the future, so think twice before deciding. If there are no problems with the well itself, you can start an inspection of other parts. You will need a pump to remove the water from the well, which you can rent for example. In some cases, it is possible to do without a pump though by using a bucket and rope instead.
Thorough Home Inspections can offer water well inspection services throughout the US to both private and commercial premises. We pride ourselves on our straightforward and honest approach which has made us one of the leading independent water well inspection testing companies across the country. Reach out to us today for a free consultation!
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